After the helter-skelter in Kerala, all should be worried, as soon this virus will spread over the country and the state close to Kerala are more prone to it. According to the reports, the Nipah-Virus has no cure at the moment and since there is no vaccination available the affected person can only succumb to this epidemic. Presently Goa is on high alert as many people from Kerala travel to Goa on regular basis and there is no scanning facility on the way to Goa. Here are the do’s and don’ts that you need to adhere to keep this killer virus away from you and your loved ones…
The whole of Kerala has already been suffering. Medical assistance is not much of a help, because even nurses are running away due to fright from the spread of Nipah. This deadly virus affects the lungs and brains. The health department in Goa is on high alert, hospitals and medical centres have geared up with their amours, and best thing here is, better to safe then sorry.
Initially, the Virus was discovered in Malaysia, where it caused brain fever among pig farmers wildly spreading through the cattle animals and humans too. At the moment, carefully choose fresh vegetables and wash them regularly before cooking, constantly drink boiled water, stop contacting animals, get your pets checked and stay healthy. If possible choose to have more vegetables and less poultry. There is no cure for this virus and it is going to be difficult to deal with it in case you are affected. Sources say that this virus is soon to reach Goa and Mumbai. People who are at high risk presently are the farmers who come in contact with bats and the people working with pigs. It is essential that you avoid eating pork at least for a while. Do not eat direct fruits plucked from the tree, as the bats that bite it are carrying the virus and could drastically affect your health.
The National Institute of Virology, Pune is currently diagnosing the virus. Those affected will be given intensive care and attention, but no cure is guaranteed, at least not until the antidote is discovered. Scientists and doctors are working really hard trying to figure out a way to save the people. We can help our self by being cautious of what we touch, eat and drink. We can survive this virus if we follow all the instructions wisely. Most important of all is the necessity to maintain personal hygiene of yourself and the surroundings. Prefer using an N95 mask while traveling to public areas as it could help a lot especially for children and the pregnant woman.
As per the medical experts, the early signs and symptoms of being affected by the virus include sudden onset of fever, headache, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting. Gradually, neck rigidity and photophobia are also seen. This disease may lead to coma within five to seven days as well. It has been strictly stated that if any signs of these symptoms occur, immediately report to the local doctor.
Do not neglect the warning of the virus and take uttermost care to prevent yourself and others from being affected by this deadly virus.
Q : What is Nipah Virus?
A : Nipah virus was initially discovered when it caused an outbreak of brain fever among pig farmers in Malaysia.
Q : Should I be worried?
A : A little. As it is transmitted from person to person and there is no effective antiviral therapy for this infection.
Q : Who is at high risk? How is it transmitted?
A : 1. People working with pigs and consuming pigs.
2. Farmers who come in contact with bats.
3. Consuming Fruits which are already bitten by the bat.
4. Contact with people who already have Nipah virus infection.
Q : What are the early symptoms?
A : The initial presentation is non-specific, characterized by the sudden onset of fever, headache, muscle pain, nausea, and vomiting. Neck rigidity and photophobia are also seen.
The disease rapidly progresses, with deterioration in consciousness leading to COMA within five to seven days.
Q : How is it diagnosed?
A : The diagnosis is by ELISA which is currently done at National Institute of Virology, Pune.
Q : How is it treated?
A : Supportive care is the mainstay of treatment and infected patients may require intensive care monitoring.
THERE IS NO APPROVED SPECIFIC THERAPY FOR THIS INFECTION. So prevention is the only cure!
Q : How do i prevent it?
A : 1. Avoid contact with pigs and pig handlers.
2. Maintain personal hygiene and intensive hand washing practices
3. Avoid consuming raw fruits, Consume only well cooked, clean, homemade food till the outbreak settles down.
4. Preferably use N95 mask while traveling or working in public places to avoid person to person transmission.
5. Be aware of the symptoms and report to the doctor immediately for early diagnosis and treatment.
Share this message with all your cared ones ,
Together, we can fight and win !
– Dr.Arjun.M.B, MD
Dr.R.M.L Hospital, New Delhi.
(National Nodal Centre for Control of yellow fever and other communicable diseases)